Strategic planning is primarily carried out by considering the overarching programmatic framework, which encompasses both European and national perspectives. It involves a methodology based on an analysis of best practices in literature and real-world applications, combining two approaches that are inseparable in today’s context:
Port planning, therefore, needs to increasingly account for various factors stemming from external stakeholders. These factors add value to both the maritime and territorial economy by highlighting the port’s role within its context as a unique and interactive economic system.
Indeed, the port, in its operations, plays a broader role connected to both markets and the surrounding territory. This role manifests itself in terms of benefits as well as costs (externalities). Its development should be identified and planned while taking into account European, national, and local guidelines.
Through the adoption of decision support techniques like multicriteria analysis, cost-benefit analysis, and others, the best solutions for the development of the port system are identified.
The overall planning process, in collaboration with stakeholders, is formalized through the adoption and approval of specific documents as required by Law 84/1994, including the Port Regulatory Plan, the Three-Year Operational Plan, and the Three-Year Public Works Program outlined in Law 50/2016, the “Public Contracts Code.”